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chitwan

overview

The Chitwan  is one of 75 districts of Nepal, and is placed in the southwestern part of district No. 3 with Bharatpur, the  quinary biggest civil of Nepal as its locality headquarters. It fronts an area of 2,238.39 km2 (864.25 sq mi)and in 2011 had a people of 579,984 (279,087 man and 300,897 woman) people.Bharatpur is a economic and assistance centre of central south Nepal and main destination for higher education, health care and transportation in the region.

 

History

The district part its name from the Chitwan Valley, one of Nepal's Inner Terai valleys between the Mahabharat and Siwalik ranges, both contemplated foothills of the Himalayas.Narayangadh is placed on the banks of the Narayani River, and is the major town with various shopping zones where people arrive from all over the district and neighbouring districts.Now there are about 25 Village advancement  Committees, each of which has nine wards or villages and one sub-Metropolitan city, Bharatpur. There are smallest of seven municipalities some of them are The Ratnanagar, Khairahani ,Rapti Municipality ( a combination of Piple, Bhandara and Birendranagar VDCs), Jutpani Municipality and Madi municipality.  Commonly municipalities have nine wards or urban area.Chitwan is one of the few resting undisturbed traces of the Terai region, which formerly continued  over the foothills of Nepal.

 

Agriculture and industry

 

The people inhabiting the Chitwan District are mostly peasant  agriculturist cultivating  primarily food and cash crops  as rice, maize, wheat, beans, lentils, mustard and vegetables. The chitwan is the main  maize generating area in Nepal, with an area under maize cultivation of 27,170 ha (104.9 sq mi) in the year 2003–04. Maize is cultivated on irrigated /seasonal irrigated land in winter and spring, and on rain fed land in summer. The  industry in the district constitutes a significant proportion of the country's poultry industry.

 

Chitwan is famous in Nepal for mustard growing and production of mustard oil. This popularity of the mustard in Chitwan is attributed to the predominant soil type silt, resulting from the flooding of the Narayani River and tributaries. Chitwan is also profusely spotted with clay lands, which are very good for growing rice, wheat and vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower, radish, potato, broccoli, cucumbers, pumpkins, and carrot. Chitwan is also famous for floriculture, mushroom cultivation and bee keeping.

 

At present Bharatpur's largest business area, Narayangadh, is less accessible due to the movement of the main bus terminal due to the antecedent king's son's anger with the politics of the citizens of the city. This bus terminal is however no longer in use following a successful people's movement in 2006. It is believed that Nepali leftist revolutionary leader Prachanda spent his childhood and youth in Chitwan. Chitwan is adapting the New Community Movement South Korean model of development

Cuisine

Chitwan is very famous  for tasty Taas (Nepali: तास) a spicy fried goat-meat lunch dish offered with Bhuja or Cheura available in many restaurants. Momo, Sukuti Khaja Set and other Newa Cuisine also possible.Dal bhat is the staple food of the area, meat and dairy products are also widely depledted For centuries, traditional  evaporated foods and beverages have created about 20 per cent of the local diet. Depending on altitudinal variation, finger millet, wheat, buckwheat, barley, vegetable, potato, and soybeans are grown.

 

Places of interest

 

Chitwan has a individually rich flora and fauna. Nepal's first national park, the Chitwan National Park together with the adjacent Parsa Wildlife provisions support a especies diversity much higher than any other on the Indian subcontinent. Rare especies include Bengal tiger, gharial, rhino, leopards, mugger crocodile, Indian rock python and several species of deer. The preserved areas are reserved by a battalion of the Nepal Army and protected by anti-poaching units.

 

The Rapti River tides east to south west in the south of Bharatpur and forms the northern border of the Chitwan National Park. The Narayani River flows north to south in the west of Bharatpur. It is the nethermost and also one of the largest t rivers of Nepal. The Narayani Bridge over the river  associate Chitwan District with Nawalparasi District of Nepal. Small islands, like Nagarban in Narayani river are famous picnic spots.

 

Bishazari Tal (20 Thousand) Lake is nearest by Chitwan National Park, about 5 km (3.1 mi) south of Bharatpur. The lake deals as an important bird watching central  and is gorgeous for bird lovers. It also harbours crocodiles.

 

Das Dhunga is a famous place in Chitwan. The people's leader Madan Bhandari was hitted  there in an collision.

 

Narayangarh is the major shopping area of Bharatpur city, and the major transit point for all the vehicles traveling via the east-west Mahendra Highway, also for the people traveling from Kathmandu, Gorkha, and Pokhara through Mugling. Recently, Narayangarh has become a retail and economic capital of Chitwan District and Bharatpur Municipality. It is also the central for hospitality industry which includes hotels, lodges, restaurants and transportation hub for the district

 

Geography and climate

Climate Zone[11]             Elevation Range                % of Area

Lower tropical   below 300 m (980 ft)       58.2%

Upper tropical   301 to 1,000 m (988 to 3,281 ft)  32.6%

Subtropical         1,001 to 2,000 m (3,284 to 6,562 ft)           6.7%

 

Transportation and communication

 

Bharatpur Airport in the centre part of the city offered four domestic airlines and one government airline with seven to 11 flights daily to Kathmandu. Mahendra East West Highway associate the city to different parts of the country, and another highway join Bharatpur with Kathmandu to the north east and with Birgunj on the border of india to the south. Bus, micro bus and other land transportation are attainable to go out of the city, for internal transportation taxi, rickshaw and car/jeep hiring is available. Hakim Chowk and Chaubiskothi, Shaheed Chok, Pul Chowk, Bel Chowk and Lila Chowk are major centres at intersections of main roads. Four main local FM radio stations broadcast from Bharatpur. They are Synergy FM, Hamro FM, Radio Triveni,Radio Madi , Radio Chitwan, Radio Kotagiri, Chitwan Online FM Kalika Music FM, Kalika FMand Narayani FM. The city also has Beso Channel, "Aviyan Channel", Unique Television and Avass Television

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