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lumbini

overview

Lumbinī : (लुम्बिनी )is a Buddhist pilgrimage scene in the Rupandehi District of Nepal. It is the place where, admitting to Buddhist heritage  Queen Mayadevi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama in 563 BCE. Gautama, who got  Enlightenment some time around 528 BCE, became the Gautama Buddha and endowed Buddhism. Lumbini is one of many attraction for expedition that sprang up in places  central to the life of Gautama Buddha.

Lumbini has a symbol of temples, including the Mayadevi Temple and numerous others which are still under development. Many monuments, religious and a museum (the Lumbini International Research Institute ) are also placed within the holy site. As well as located there is the Puskarini or Holy Pond where the Buddha's mother took the custom dip prior to his birth and where he, too, had his first bath. At other sites near Lumbini, earlier Buddhas were, allowing to tradition, born, got ultimate Enlightenment and finally renounced  their earthly forms.

 

In the Buddha's time, Lumbini was positioned between Kapilavastu and Devadaha (both in Nepal). It was there, that the Buddha was born. A pillar recognized in 1896 (and erected thereafter at Rummindei) is regarded to mark the spot of Ashoka's visit to Lumbini. The site was not known as Lumbini before the pillar was learned. According to an inscription on the pillar, it was placed there by the people then in charge of the park to memorialize Ashoka's visit and gifts. The park was precedently known as Rummindei, two miles (3.2 km) north of Bhagavanpura.

In the Sutta Nipáta (vs. 683) it is that the Buddha was born in a village of the Sákyans in the Lumbineyya Janapada. The Buddha lived in Lumbinívana during his visit to Devadaha and there preached the Devadaha Sutta

 

History

Lumbini that means 'The Lovely One' in Sanskrit is a popular Buddhist site in the Lumbini District Zone of Nepal. Lumbini is considered the birthplace of Gautam Buddha. Many a times indicated as 'The Light of Asia', Buddha was the inventor of Buddhism faith. His period is predicted to be approximately between 563 and 483 BC. 

Lumbini is placrd 25kms east of the municipality of Kapilvastu. It was the seat of administration of the then kingdom of Nepal. In the year 1896, the Indo-British archaeology team disclosed a great stone pillar at the site. Later that pillar was associated to Ashoka, the Mauryan ruler and propagator of Buddhism. The records controlled by Fa Hein were also taken in to consideration in the process. For Buddhists, this is one of four expedition  sites based around the life of Gautam Buddha, the other three being Kushinagar, Bodh Gaya, and Sarnath. Going by its cultural, religious and historical importance, UNESCO declared Lumbini, a world heritage site in the year 1997. 

The place is popular for Maya Devi temple. It is accepted that the present temple has been built at the place where Queen Maya gave birth to lord Buddha. Another important structure is the Ashoka pillar. Apart from that Lumbini has ruins of various Stupas and religious Then there is Pushkarni pond where Queen Maya took bath before giving birth to Buddha. 

The Lumbini region arrives under Lumbini Trust, an NGO. Foreign traveler  here have constructed new temples and religious. The Buddhist associations of China, Myanmar and Gautami Nuns have their free pagodas. The ones by Japan, Sri Lanka and Vietnam are under construction.

 

 

Rediscovery
Further information: Pillars of Ashoka

In 1896, Nepalese paleontologists led by Khadga Samsher Rana and relieve by Alois Anton Führer) observed a great stone pillar at Lumbini. Führer presupposed that the pillar was placed at the site by Ashoka (emperor of the Maurya Empire) circa 245 BCE. Records made by the Chinese  traveler  Faxian in the early fifth century CE were also used in the process of identifying this religiously renowned site.

Recent mining beneath extanting  brick structures at the Mayadevi Temple at Lumbini have discovered evidence for an older timber complex beneath the walls of the newer brick Buddhist shrine, which was formulated during the Ashokan era. The layout of the Ashokan shrine closely follows that of the earlier timber system, which suggests a continuity of worship at the site. The pre-Mauryan timber system appears to be an ancient bodhigara (tree shrine), consisting of postholes and a wooden railing neighboring a clay floor containing fossilized tree roots that appears to have been worn smooth by visitors. Radiocarbon dating of remains from the wooden postholes and optically  impassioned luminescence dating of elements in the soil  recommend human activity (possibly pre-Buddhist tree worship) began at the site around 1000 BCE, followed by the development of a Buddhist monastery-like community by approximately 550 BCE.

Present-day

The present-day Lumbini extraordinary site is 4.8 km (3 mi) in length and 1.6 km (1.0 mi) in width. The holy site of Lumbini surrounded by a large monastic zone in which only monasteries can be built, no shops, hotels or restaurants. It is sundered into an eastern and western monastic zone, the eastern having the Theravadin monasteries, the western having Mahayana and Vajrayana religious.

The holy site of Lumbini has ruins of ancient monasteries, a sacred Bodhi tree, an antique bathing pond, the Ashokan pillar and the Mayadevi Temple, where the assumed place of birth of Buddha is located. From early morning to early evening, expedition from various countries perform chanting and meditation at the site.

A non-governmental configuration named Samriddhi Foundation started in 2013 working extensively in the ground of education and health especially in government schools of the area where underprivileged children study. A non-governmental organisation called "Asia Pacific Exchange and participation Foundation" (APECF) backed by chairman of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and then Prime Minister Prachanda, the Chinese government and a UN group called "United Nations Industrial Development Organization" (UNIDO) autographed a deal to develop Lumbini into a "special development zone" with funds worth $3 billion. The venture was a China-UN collective project. A liner  'Lumbini Development National Director Committee' under the leadership of Pushpa Kamal Dahal was formed on 17 October 2011. The six-member chamber includedCommunist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) leader Mangal Siddhi Manandhar, Nepali Congress leader Minendra Rijal, Forest Minister Mohammad Wakil Musalman, among other leaders. The committee was given the authority to "draft a master plan to promoteLumbini as a peaceful and tourism area and table the proposal" and the responsibility to gather international support for the same.

Nipponzan Myohoji  resolved  to build a Peace Pagoda in the park in 2001, which is visited by many various  cultures and religions every day.

Because Hindus heed the Buddha as an incarnation of Vishnu, thousands of Hindus have began to come here on pilgrimage during the full moon of the Nepali month of Baisakh (April–May) to worship Queen Mayadevi as Rupa Devi, the mother goddess of Lumbini.

Lumbini was assumed World Heritage status by UNESCO in 1997

 

On the Nepali rupee

Nepal's centre  bank has introduced a 100-rupee Nepali note recommending Lumbini, the birthplace of Buddha. The Nepal Rastra Bank said the new note would be available  only during the Dashain, Nepal's main  festival in October 2013. It act the portrait of Mayadevi, Gautam Buddha's mother in silver golden  on the front. The note also has a black dot which would support the blind recognize the note. The name of the central bank in Latin script would be imprinted on the note along with the date of imprinting in both the Christian Era and the Bikram Era. The new note is being expressed following a cabinet decision 27 August.

Transport

Lumbini is a 8-hour tour from Kathmandu and a 30-minute drive from Bhairahawa. The nearest airport is Gautam Buddha Airport at Bhairahawa, with departure to and from Kathmandu

 

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