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pashupatinath temple


Pashupatinath Temple

The Pashupatinath Temple (Nepali: पशुपतिनाथ मन्दिर) is a popular, sacred Hindu temple devoted  to Pashupatinath  and is placed on the banks of the Bagmati River 5 kilometres north-east of Kathmandu Valley  in the eastern city of Kathmandu, the capital ofNepal . This temple is   contemplated one of the sacred temples of Hindu  belief.The temple serves as the seat of the national deity, Lord Pashupatinath.This temple complex is on UNESCO World Heritage Sites's index Since 1979. This "extensive Hindu temple precinct" is a "sprawling compilation of temples, ashrams, images and dedication raised over the centuries along the banks of the holy Bagmati river" and is included as one of the seven monument groups in UNESCO's classification of Kathmandu Valley as a cultural heritage site. One of the major Festivals of the temple is Maha Shivaratri on which day over 700,000 devotees visit here.

The twelve Jyotirlinga (in India) are the body and the Jyotirlinga at Pashupatinath in Kathmandu (Nepal) is the foremost over this body.

The temple is one of the 275 Paadal Petra Sthalams (Holy Abodes of Shiva) on the abstemious Kotirudra Samhita, Chapter 11 on the Shivalingas of the North, in Shiva Purana indication this Shivalinga as the bestower of all wishes




The temple was raised anew in the 15th century by Lichhavi King Shupuspa after the previous building was expended by termites  Over time, countless further temples have been elevated around this two -storied temple. These include the Vaishnava temple complex with a Ram  temple from the 14th century and the Guhyeshwari Temple considered in an 11th-century manuscript.

Legend surrounding the Temple Origin

Pashupatinath Temple is the oldest Hindu temple in Kathmandu. It is not known for  secure when Pashupatinath Temple was built. But according to Nepal Mahatmaya and Himvatkhanda, the deity here gained best  popular there as Pashupati, the Lord of all Pashus, which are breathing as well as non-living beings. Pashupatinath Temple's permanence dates back to 400 B.C. The richly-ornamented pagoda houses the sacred linga or holy emblem of Lord Shiva. There are many tradition  describing as to how the temple of Lord Pashupatinath came to existence here


Temple complex

The area of Pashupatinath compasses 264 hectare of land including 518 temples and monuments. Major pagoda style temple is placed in the fortified courtyard within the complex reserved by Nepal Police and has a police outpost post along with living quarter within. In front of the western door there is a immense statue Nandi bull, in bronze. Along with many temples and shrines of both Vaishnav and saiva  tradition.

Temples and Shrines in the inner courtyard

  • Vasuki nath temple
  • Unmatta Bhairav temple
  • Suryanarayan temple
  • Kirti mukh bhairav shrine
  • Budanil kantha shrine
  • Hanumanshrine
  • 184 shivaling shrine

Temples and Shrines in the outer complex

  • Ram mandir
  • Virat swaroop temple
  • 12 jyotirlingha and Pandra Shivalaya
  • Guhyeshwari Temple


Main Temple Architecture

This major temple is built in the Nepalese pagoda style of architecture. All th e features of pagoda style is established here like cubic constructions, beautifully graved wooden rafters on which they rest (tundal). The two level roofs are of copper with gold housing . The temple  consists on a square base platform with a height of 23m 7 cm from base to pinnacle. It has four major doors, all  enveloped with silver sheets. This temple has a gold needle (Gajur).Inside are two Garbhagrihas, outer and inner .The inner garbhagriha or sanctum sanctorum is where the idol is located  and outer temple is an open corridor like space.

The Deity

The sacro sanctum, or the major idol is a stone Mukhalinga with a silver yoni  base bound with silver snake .The lingam is one metre high and has faces in four  indication .These faces impersonate various ascepts of Shiva; Sadyojata (also known as Barun), Vamdeva (also known as Ardha nareshwor), Tatpurusha, Aghor & Ishana (imaginative).Facing West, North, East, South and Zenith  appropriately representing five primary elements namely earth, water, air, light and ether. Each face has tiny extending hands holding rudraksha  mala on right hand and a kamandalu on the other.Unlike other shiva lingams in India and Nepal this pashupati shiva lingam is always changed  in its golden vastra exclude during abhishakam, so pouring milk and ganga jal is only accessible during abhishakam through the major priests


Entry and Darshan

Temple courtyard has 4 entryway in all directions.The western hallway  is the major entrance to the temple courtyard and rest three entrances are only not closed during big festival . Temple security(Armed Police Force Nepal) is selective respecting  who is allowed entry into the inner courtyard . Practicing Hindus and buddhist of Indian and Tibetan descendent are only granted into temple courtiyard . Practicing Hindus of western incline are not allowed into the temple complex along with other non Hindu Visitors. Sikh and Jain groups are  granted  into the temple compound if they are of Indian ancestry.Others can look at the major temple from adjacent side of the river and has to pay a nominal fee of $10 (1000 Nepali rupee) for visiting hundreds of small temples in the external establishment of the temple complex . The inner temple courtyard remains open from 4 am to 7 pm for the fanatic but the Inner Pashupatinath Temple where the Lingam of Lord Pashupatinath is well  established is open from 5am to 12 pm for the morning custom and viewing and from 5pm to 7 pm for evening custom . Unlike many other Saiva temples devotees are not allowed to come in the inner-most Garbhagriha  but are allowed to view from the external premises of the outer Garbhagriha.

Abishegam and Darshan

The inner holy place where the shivling is located, has four entrance, East, west, north, south. Commonly devotees will have the shivling darshan though western door entrance only. During arthi time, around 7pm evening, the outer sanctum doors are open, wherein devotees can have the shivling darshan through all the four passage (One can enter inside).

Another time wherein all the four doors are open are during abishegam time. Morning 9-11am is the abishegam. All the four border of the shivling darshan is possible during this course One can take the abishegam ticket at the SBI  reverse available at the entrance of the temple. Always try to get the booking a day earlier, even though morning hours bookings are done. NPR.1000/- is basic abishegam ticket cost, there are rudra abishegam, various other poojas. Abishegam will be done located on the direction the mukh is viewed. If your receipt says as eastern direction then one needs to stand in the queue at the eastern entrance, wherein the priests will do the abishegam for the eastern mukh of the shivling.

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