1 Main Festival in Nepal
2 Other Festivals
Dashain also Ba??da?ãi ??????? or Bijay? Da?am? Nepali ????? ????) is the 15-day-long national festival of Nepal. It is the longest and the most propitious festival in the Nepalese annual calendar, celebrated by Nepalese people all the time the globe. It is not only the enlarged festival , but also the one of the most anticipated.As one of the popular countries,Nepal has national festival as Dashain. The festival falls in September or October, beginning from the shukla paksha (bright lunar fortnight) of the month of Ashvin and ending on purnima, the full moon. Among the 15 days for which it is celebrated, the most important days are the first, seventh, eighth, ninth and the tenth. Throughout the country Shakti is worshiped in all her manifestations. This festival is also known for its accent on the family gatherings, as well as on a restoration of community ties. People return from all parts of the world, as well as different parts of the country, to celebrate together. All government offices, educational conservatory and other offices hangout closed during the festival period.
Dashain symbolizes the victory of good over evil.
For followers of Shaktism, it means the victory of the goddess, Shakti. In Hindu mythology, the goblin Mahishasura had constitute terror in the devaloka (the world where gods live ) but Durga hited the demon.The first nine days of Dashain symbolizes the battle which took place between the different demonstration of Durga and Mahishasura. The tenth day is the day when Durga finally defeated him. For other Hindus, this festival symbolizes the victory of Rama over Ravana as recounted in the Ramayana.
Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth is celebrated during Tihar.
In Nepal all Hindu ethnic groups celebrate this festival with their own alteration Among the Newars, this is known as Swanti. The festival is celebrated from Trayodashi of Kartik Krishna to Kartik Shukla Dwitiya every year. Tihar in general signifies the festival of lights, where diyas are lit both inside and outside the houses to make it illuminate at night. The five-day festival is considered to be of great importance as it shows reverence to not just the humans and the Gods, but also to the animals like crow, cow and dog, who maintain an intense relationship with the humans. People make patterns on the floor of living rooms or courtyards using materials such as colored rice, dry flour, colored sand or flower petals outside of their house, called "Rangoli" which is meant to be sacred welcoming areas for the Hindu deities. During the celebrations gamblers are found in the streets and some gamblers are known to make extreme bets such as staking their properties and some times their own daughter and wives jewelries
Khicha Puja or Gai Puja/Sa Paru
Khicha Puja is a Nepal festival held on the 15th of Kartik in late autumn as part of the Tihar Festival. Dog, crows and cows are especially extended during this festival and dogs are commonly seen with wreaths of flowers around their necks. Crows are worshipped by offerings of sweets and dishes. The cawing of the crows symbolises sadness and regret in the Hindu mythology, so the devotees offer the crows food to avert regret and deaths in their homes. Cows are commonly celebrated on the third day of Tihar, as they are respected as the mothers of the universe in Hinduism, where after weaning by the birth mother, the cow acts as the surrogate mother to humans, providing milk for the rest of the human life. A tika is placed on the forehead of the cow and a flower garland is placed on the neck.The cow festival is known as Gai Puja in Nepali but commonly referred to as Sa Paru.
On the 17th of december, as part of the Tihar Festival, men visit the house of their sister's, where sister put a tika or mark on his forehead and a garland around his neck. The men then touches the feet of their sisters and whereby grand meal (shelroti,sweetmeats and other eatable things to eat) is served by sisters to brothers in their house . In return she receives a gift of money, clothes or ornaments etc.
The festival takes place on the last day of Phagun. In Nepal, a wooden post, known as a chir is adorned with flags and erected in front of the palace. It is charred night, representing the burning of the body of the old year.
The bathing festival where Newars bathe in the Bagmati River. during Magh. On the last day of the month, bathers are carried in a procession in ornamented dolis, lying on their backs with lighted lamps (known as chirags) on their chests, arms and legs. Other bathers bear earthen water pots on their heads, perforated with straws, through which water seeps down to sprinkle passers by. Traditionally the bathers wear green glasses to protect their eyes from the sparks of the lamps they are in contact with.
Traditionally on the 15th of Chait, all horses and ponies belonging to government servants were assembled at the grand parade ground and entered into a race in front of the king and top officials who are established around a central monument. The monument bore Sir Jang Bahadur's statue. After the event, gambling is allowed for two days and nights and the festival ends with an brightness of the monument. In 1875, Bahadur's statue and four dragon monuments were moved into a newly built temple in his honor, hence the location of the festival moved Panjaran
The festival is celebrated twice a year, on the 8th of Sawan and the 13th of Bhadon. The Banras, priests of the Newar Buddhists visit each house and receive a small offering of grain or rice to commemorate their ancestors who were not permitted to trade. The Newars decorate their shops and houses with pictures and flowers and the women sit with big baskets of rice and grain to dispense to the Banras. it is celebrated at late night.
The Janai Purnima also known as Rakshyabandhan festival takes place on the full moon day of Shrawan i.e. Shrawan Purnima every year. In the year of 2071, it was on 25th Shrawan and in 2072 its on 12th of Bhadra. It is celebrated by Hindus and other Hindu related superstition like Buddhist, Jain, belonging to aumkaar (? ??? )family. The Buddhist bathe in sacred streams and visit their temples and the Brahman priests offer an ornamental thread to the wrists of their followers and in return receive gifts. Many pilgrims visit Gosainkunda and bath at the sacred lake. Mainly the people of Brahmin and chettri community change the sacred around their neck. This festival has different names. Newars in Nepal celebrate it as Kwati Punhi Indian celebrate it as rakhi (raksha) bandhan.
Nag Panchani takes place on the 5th of Sawan to memorialize the battle between Nag and Garur. The stone image of Garur at Changu Narayan is said to perspire during the festival and priests are sent to wipe the transpiration off with a handkerchief. They later present it to the king and water is used to make it into a snake bite remedy, despite the fact that there are few snakes inhabiting Nepal. There is a belief that nag panchami is the day of welcoming the other festivals in the Nepal.
Janmashtami is celebrated on the 8th of Bhadon, in memory of Krishna. Shops and houses are decorated in celebration