Trekking in himalayas is a rewarding and lifetime unforgettable experience.however , it’s most important to keep your health and safety in mind. The weather conditions can change any moment Himalayas and in case of an accident, medical help is not always easly available. It is always good to prepared, before your trip and during your trip. Have a look below please for some Guidelines and tips on health and safety during your trip.
There are some health risks that are more acute when you trekking Himalayas at high altitudes.
Altitude sickness also called acute mountain sickess (AMS) generally occurs above 2,500 meter (8,000ft) but serious altitude illness is rare below 3,000 meter(10,000ft). its ranges from preparation a mild headache and wearness to a life – threatening disease , when fluid in the lungs (HAPE) or Brain (HACE) is build-up. AMS is caused by the body having difficulty adapting to lower oxygen level at higher altitudes in Himalayas. Usually this is due to a so quick ascend and some times personal sensitivity. As acute mountain sickness can be fateful. It’s a always important to know about the disease, its symptoms , how to prevent them and how to treat Acute Mountain sickness.
Acute altitude sicknes is the mildest and most common form in Himalayas. Patients usually have a (mild) headache and / less appetite also nausea. These symptoms are quite normall andcommon above 3,000 meter (10,000ft). please if you trekking in himalayas nothing to be worried about (yet) , but it is very important to let your Guide know or trekking companion about your symptoms and keep close watch that they don’t get worse, if went more worse please symptoms are here below:
High altitude pulmonary edema occurs when fluid builds up within the lungs a condition that can make breathing extremely difficult. Onset of HAPE can be gradual. HAPE typically occurs after more than one day spent at high altitude in Himalayas. If left untreated , it can be progress to respiratory collapse and ultimately to die.
Another harsh form of altitude sickness is high altitude cerebral edema (HACE) , in which is fluid build up within the brain. As the brain swells with fluid , the persons mental state changes. Loss of coordination , coma and finally death can are cause of not recognized and treated promptly.
How to identify of someone is seriously suffering from AMS, HAPE or HACE
If person is not able to do this so, the situations are serious
It’s always good to know that best way to prevent AMS is to ascend gradually . above an altitude of 3,000 meter (10,000 ft) you should not ascend more than 500 meter in a day. If due to the itinerary this not possible a rest day to acclimatize recommended by ExGuide Treks.keep in mind please that different people will acclimatize at different rates. Acclimatization of often accompanied by fluid loss , so you always need to lots drinks of fluid to remain properly hydrated (at least 3-4 quarts per day. Also urine output should be copious and clear like water. Please take it easy , don’t over –exert yourself when you first get up to altitude in Himalayas. Light activity during day is better than sleeping because respiration decrease during sleep, exacerbating the symptoms. Always avoid tobacco and alcohol and other depressant drugs including tranquilizer and sleeping pills . there are depressants futher decrease the respiratory drive during sleeping resulting in a worsening of the symptoms. Please eat well foods and eat a high carbohydrate diet ( more than 70% of your calories from carbohydrates) when you while at altitude. If begin to show symptoms of moderate altitude illness , please do not go higher until symtoms decrease of symptoms are increase , you should go down , down, down!
Diamox : Diamox allow you to breathe faster so that you metabolize more oxygen , thereby minimizing the symptoms casue by poor oxygenation. This Diamox is especially helpful to start at night when respiratory drive is decrease. Since takes while for Diamox to have an effect. It’s a advisable to start taking it 24 hrs before you go to altitude and continue for at least five days higher altitude, and this is recommendation of the Himalayan rescue association medical clinic is 125 mg. twice a day one in the morning and one at night.diamox started dose is 250 mg , when you take Diamox you may get possible side effects include tingling of the lips and finger tips , blurring of vision and alteration of taste. Please never , and never try to take more than 250 mg Diamox in once. After taking Diamox please drink lots and lots water it does help a lot.
We would like to basic list to cover the more common ailment that affect trekkers. climbing group , expeditions and all trekkers going to isolated areas will need a more comprehensive kit.
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