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Trekking in nepal info

Your Nepal travel Guide- ExGuide. Officially the highest country  on earth Nepal, its commonly referred to as the Roof of the world. That seems like a fitting byname for this Himalayas nation, where flying , snow-capped mountains end into the clouds like stairways to Divine. The star attraction mount Everest, Tourist come in their droves to climb, trekking and admire the world’s highest Peak. Which is the draft at 8,848 meter or 29,029ft. but charming Nepal is so much more than just Himalayas.

The birthplace  of Gautam Buddha , loard of Buddhists religious, Nepal is an important pilgrimage sites for millions of Buddhists, who come from far and wide to visit the UNESCO world heritages site of lumbini and temple composite where Buddha once lived. Holy places swell in Nepal, but not just of the Buddhist variety : hindu has a strong foothold in the Nepal and there are so many hindu temples messy across the country. Also the nepali capital, kathmandu , which is encircled by magic Himalayas ranges. A beautiful city it stand at a cultural pass between india ans china , whose influences can be seening in the architecture in the cuisine.

Only kathmandu capital has international airport which is kathmandu is a good starting point for travellers into the jungle at chitwan national park, pokhara phewa lake is another draw for thousand of tourist , as are the hiking, trekking in the Himalayas. There is a three main, famous popular trekking areas, most popular trekking Everest region trek, most people do  Everest Base Camp Trek even admire mount Everest. Second one is Annapurna region, in this region two treks is really popular  Annapurna circuit Trek and   Annpurna Base Camp third one is getting popular Manaslu region manaslu circuit trek  and Tsum valley trek.


About climate in Nepal , when is right time to trekking in nepal  ?

 Nepal’s climate changeable  with its topography and altitude. It range from tropical to icy. Low land of Nepal terai region with maximum altitude to approx.. 305 meter , which is  lies in the tropical southern part of Nepal, for  instance, has a hot and boiling climate that can be above 45 degree Celsius during summer in Nepal. all the mid-land of Nepal region are pleasant almost all the year round but winter nights are cool. The northern Himalayas region, around above 3,500 meter has an alpine climate with quite lower temperature in winter as can be expected.

 Nepal has four differents climatic season.

Spring season in nepal (march – may) the temperature is mildly warm in low region and it is the time for flowers to blossom and the national flower of Nepal- Rhododrendron sweeps the ascending altitudes with its generous color and really beautiful. This the biggest season for expeditions, from march to may , in march Everest climber they will fixed route and acclimatization at  everest base camp trek and around mid of may is right time to climb and summit Everest even peak climbing in Nepal too, at this time of year right time to trekking peak climbing in Nepal. for trekker this is  colourful rhododrendron  trekking season specially the Everest base camp trek , ghorepani poon hill trek, Annapurna base camp trek, and jiri pikey trek, you will see colourful flowers during the trekking. If you looking for do trekking in Nepal from march to may is right time for you to do trekking in Nepal.

 Summer season  in Nepal (june- August) : this is the monsoon season in Nepal the weather is warm and wet at times and summer time rains almost everyday with occasional thunderstorms in the evening and night but still at this also if you are looking for trekking in Nepal you can do  Upper Mustang Trek in Nepal.

 Autumn season in nepal (Sep- Nov. ) the Summer season gone by and the winter to set in so this is the best tourist season in Nepal. the weather at autumn season is highly pleasant so are the Himalayas views. This is the best time to  trekking in nepal as mountain views so better to book your flight in advance, and from Mid of Oct – Mid of Nov is really busy trekking season specially , Everest base camp trek, Annapurna base camp trek, Ghorepani poonhill trek, Annapurna circuit trek. Also this season is festival as Nepal celebrates the biggest hindu festivals Dashain (Victory festival normally falls in Oct) and Tihar (where sister worship brother). Even for Peak climbing in nepal also this is the best season, like mera peak , island peak , pisang peak, and specaily Ama dablam climb is best season from end of Oct – Nov. is best time to climb Ama Dablam in Nepal.

 Winter season in Nepal  (dec-feb) : this season weather is cool and sky is clear with occasional snowfalls at higher altitude. This season is good season for trekking in lower altitude in  Nepal. the night and morning is cold and the days are warm when is sunny. Peak climbing and high passes trekking is not suggest to do it.  This season is really tourist season in Nepal all trekking almost no tourist. But still tours is really good at this season. Tour around kathmandu valley , pokhara , chitwan wildlife  is recommended.  But still in  December  trekking is good if you like less tourist and in December is trekking season in Nepal.

The culture of Nepal is rich and particular .The cultural heritage of Nepal has increased over the centuries. This multi-dimensional heritage  enclose the diversities of Nepal's native  tribal, and social groups, and it manifests in music and dance; art and craft; folklore andfolktales; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebration; foods and drinks. It's culture is mostly influenced by Indian, Mongolian and Tibetan culture.

Dance and music

Tradition state that dances in the Indian subcontinent commenced  in the abode of Lord Shiva — the Himalayas and the Himalayan Kingdom of Nepal — where he  achieved the tandava dance. This express that dance traditions of Nepal are very ancient. With altitudes and  nationality the dances of Nepal slightly change in style as well as in the  apparel  The Dishka, a dance performed at weddings, includes intricate footwork and arm movements. Accompanying music and musical instruments change in tune with the themes, which spin around topics like harvesting of crops, marriage rites, war stories, a lonely girl’s yearning for her love, and several other themes and stories from everyday life in the villages. The  popolar Tharu stick dances, and the crazy peacock dance are two highlights, but there are plenty of other surprises. Expect to be invited to join in the dancing, as the evening reaches it's climax.

The dancing takes place in a special community hall, newly improved with air conditioning added to make the evening more enjoyable in the hot season.

 Festivals and celebrations

Main article: List of festivals in Nepal

 Certain of the festivals of Nepal last from one to  a few days. As a mostly  Hindu and Buddhist nation, most of the Nepalese festivals are religious ones. The festivals of Nepal have their descent  in Hinduism as 82% of the population of the country is Hindu. Buddhism, the second- biggest  religion of the nation which accounts for 9% of the population, has  changed the cultural festivals of Nepal. Dashain or Dusshera is the longest and the most  meaningful festival of Nepal. Generally Dashain falls in late September to mid-October, right after the end of the monsoon season. It is "a day of  achievement over Demons". The Newars celebrate the festival as Mohani. Tihar or Diwali, Holi, Saraswati Puja, Rakshabandhan, Bhai Dooj, Janmashtami, Kali Puja, Gai Jatra, Nag Panchami, Teej, Chhath, Kartik Poornima, Maghe Sankranti, Ganesh Chaturthi, Maha Shivratri and Chhechu are other widely celebrated important festivals of Nepal. New Year's Day of the lunar calendar Nepal Sambat occurs in November. Several Jatras took place throughout the year and public holidays are declared in some regions.

Other important festivals include Buddha Purnima (the celebration of the birth of Buddha)[3] Maha Shivaratri (a festival of Lord Shiva) and during Maha Shivaratri festivities, some people consume enormous drinks and smoke charas.[4] Sherpas, mostly located at higher altitudes and in the Mount Everest region, celebrate Mani Rimdu, for the good of the world.

 Religions and philosophy

Main article: Religion in Nepal

A Buddhist monastery in southern Nepal.

The 2001 census identified 80.6% of the population being Hindu. Buddhism was  exercised by about 11% of the population (although many people labelled Hindu or Buddhist generally  practice a syncretic  mixture of Hinduism, Buddhism, and/or animist traditions). About 3.2%  tradition Islam and 3.6% of the population follows the indigenous Kirant religion. Christianity is practiced officially by less than 0.5%.Hindu and Buddhist traditions in Nepal go back more than two millennia. In Lumbini, Buddha was born, and Pashupatinath temple, Kathamandu, is an old and popolar  Shiva temple of Hindus. Nepal has several other temples and Buddhist  religious as well as places of worship of other monastery groups. Traditionally, Nepalese philosophical thoughts are ingrained with the Hindu and Buddhist philosophical ethos and traditions, which include elements of Kashmir Shaivism, Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism, works of Karmacharyas of Bhaktapur, and tantric traditions. Tantric traditions are deep rooted in Nepal, including the practice of animal  renounce. Five types of animals, always male, are considered acceptable for sacrifice: water buffalo, goats, sheep, chickens, and ducks. Cows are very sacred animals and are never considered acceptable for sacrifice.

The history of Nepal has been  determined by its geography  in the Himalayas  and  its two neighbourhood modern day INDIA and CHINA. , it is now a multiethnic, multiracial, multicultural, multi religious, and multilingual country. The national and most spoken language of Nepal is Nepali.  

Legendary accounts of the Kirati Period

Nepal's very first documented though still  mythological history with the Kiratas, who may have arrived from the west to the Kathmandu valley. Little is known about them, other than their adroitness as sheep agriculturist and great fondness for carrying long cutters Some section of the modern Newar population are believed to have descended from them, and a number of Newar                people stories and myths refer to social and political life in Kathmandu valley during the Kirati period.

The 1st Kirat King Kushal[

The 1st kirat king Kushal laid the  base  of the Kirata dynasty after defeating the last ruler of the Abhira dynasty. When Kirats occupied the valley, they made Matatirtha their capital. The Kirat kingdom during the rule of Yalambar genealogy  to Tista in the East and Trisidi in the West. It is said Yalambar had gone to eyewitness the battle of Mahabharata between the Pandavas and the Kauravas. He was so brave and powerful that Lord Krishna to be cut him prior to the battle  expecting he might fight for the Kauravas.

The 7th Kirata King Jitedasti

 all the while  the statute of the 7th Kirat King Jitedasti, Siddh?rtha Gautama (BCE 623 – BCE 543), called Gautamat Buddha by Buddhists, was born into the Shakya tribe of Madhyadesh (now Madhesh). While Gautama's ministry eventually extended to modern India, becoming generally bracketed with that country, there are still many Nepalis who  cal  Shakya membership.

The 14th Kirata King Sthunko

All the while  the statute of the 14th Kirat King Sthunko, the Emperor Ashoka is said to have visit  to the Kathmandu Valley with his daughter, princess Charumati. as his stay in the valley, he is said to have four stupas built around Patan in the four cardinal directions and one in the centure. He is said to have arranged his daughter Charumati's marriage with a local young prince named Devapala. Prince Devapala and his consort Charumati lived at Chabahil near Pashupati area. Later Charumati had the stupas of Devapatana built after the death of her husband in his memory. Charumati later on become a nun herself and built a convent where she resided and practiced Lord Buddha's doctrine.

The 15th Kirata king Jinghri

All the while the statute of the 15th Kirata King Jinghri, another religious doctrine, Jainism, was being  missionaried by Mahavir in modern-day country called India. Bhadrabhau, a disciple of Mahavira Jaina, is said to have visit to Nepal. But Jainism did not get  as much popularity as Buddhism in Nepal.

 The 28th Kirat King Paruka

All the while  the statute of the 28th Kirata King Paruka, the Sombanshi ruler attacked his regime many times from the west. Although he successfully repelled their attacks, he was forced to move to Shankhamul from Gokarna. He had a royal palace called "Patuka" built there for him. The 'Patuka' palace can no longer be seen, except its ruins in the form of a mound. Patuka changed Shankhamul into a beautiful town.

There is a faith  diffused in the Newar town of Patan that a mound  of soil located in the middle of the town and called 'Patuka Don' by the locals is what  residues of the palace. However, consecutive archaeological projects have not  published  declaration to support this.

The 29th Kirat King Gasti (Gusti) Rai

The last King of the Kirat dynasty was Gasti (Gusti) Rai, a weak ruler, who is said to have been overcome by the Somavanshi ruler Nimisha. This completed the powerful Kirata dynasty that had lasted for about 1225 years. After their  breakdown, the Kiratas moved to the Eastern hills of Nepal and determined  down, divided into small division. Their settlements were divided into three regions, i.e., 'Wallokirat' that lay to the East of the Kathmandu Valley, 'Majkirat' or Central Kirat region and 'Pallokirat' that lay to the far East of the Kathmandu valley . These regions are still thickly populated by Kiratas Sunuwar, Rai and Limbu, Yakkha etc. The locality of Chyasal on the north-eastern fringe  of Patan in Kathmandu valley is associated with the myth of the assassination of the Kirata ruling class before the rest allegedly escaped to the eastern regions. The word 'chyasa' means 'eight hundred' in Nepalbhasa and the story as elaborated in the 'Kwabaha Vamshavali', a late medieval Nepalese text, describes the killing of eight hundred members of the ruling class.

 Thakuri Dynasty

Rule of the Thakuri kings

The Thakuri Dynasty was a Rajput Dynasty. After Aramudi, who is written in the Kashmirian prehistory the Rajatarangini of Kalhana (1150 CE), many Thakuri kings statute over parts of the country up to the middle of the 12th century CE. Raghava Deva is said to have founded a ruling dynasty in 879 CE, when the Lichhavi rule came to an end. To  memorialize this important  episode Raghu Deva started the 'Nepal Era' which began on 20 October, 879 CE. After Amshuvarma, who ruled from 605 CE onward, the Thakuris had  vanished power and they could regain it only in 869 AD.

Gunakam Deva

After the death of King Raghava Dev, many Thakuri kings ruled Southern Nepal up to the middle of the 12th century CE. During that period, Gunakama Deva was one of the famous kings. He ruled from 949 to 994 CE. During his rule, a big wooden house was built out of one single tree which was called 'Kasthamandapa', from which the name of the capital, 'Kathmandu', is derived. Gunakama Deva founded a town called Kantipur, the modern Kathmandu.

Successors of Gunakama Dev

Bhola Deva succeeded Gunakama Deva. The next ruler was Laksmikama Deva who ruled from 1024 to 1040 CE. He built Laksmi Vihara and introduced the custom of worshipping a virgin girl as 'Kumari'. Then, Vijayakama Deva, the son of Laksmikama, became the Nepalese king. Vijaykama Deva was the last ruler of this dynasty. He introduced the worship of the "Naga" and "Vasuki". After his death, the Thakuri clan of Nuwakot occupied the throne of Nepal.

Nuwakot Thakuri Kings

Bhaskara Deva, a Thakuri form Nuwakot, succeeded Vijayakama Deva and established Nuwakot-Thakuri rule. He is said to have built Navabahal and Hemavarna Vihara. After Bhaskara Deva, four kings of this line ruled over the country. They were Bala Deva, Padma Deva, Nagarjuna Deva and Shankara Deva.Shankara Deva (1067–1080 CE) was the most illustrious ruler of this dynasty. He established the image of 'Shantesvara Mahadeva' and 'Manohara Bhagavati'. The custom of pasting the pictures of Nagas and Vasuki on the doors of houses on the day of Nagapanchami was introduced by him. During his time, the Buddhists wreaked vengeance on the Hindu Brahmins (especially the followers of Shaivism) for the harm they had received earlier from Shankaracharya. Shankara Deva tried to pacify the Brahmins harassed by the Buddhists.

Suryavansi (the Solar Dynasty)

Bama Deva, a  progeniture of Amshuvarma, defeated Shankar Deva in 1080 CE. He  abolished the Nuwakot-Thankuris with the help of nobles and refreshed the old Solar regime rule in Nepal for the second time. Harsha Deva, the successor of Bama Deva was a  spent ruler. There was no unity among the nobles and they asserted themselves in their respective spheres of influence. Taking that good fortune Nanya Deva, a Karnataka king, attacked Nepal from Simraungar. In reply Army of Nepal defended, won the battle and successfully  secured Nepal from a foreign invasion.

Shivadeva III

After Harsha Deva, Shivadeva the third ruled from 1099 to 1126 CE. He was a brave and powerful king. He founded the town of Kirtipur and roofed the temple of Pashupatinath with gold. He introduced twenty-five paisa coins. He also constructed wells, canals and tanks at different places.

After Sivadeva III, Mahendra Deva, Mana Deva, Narendra Deva II, Ananda Deva, Rudra Deva, Amrita Deva, Ratna Deva II, Somesvara Deva, Gunakama Deva II, Lakmikama Deva III and Vijayakama Deva II ruled Nepal in quick succession. Historians differ about the rule of several kings and their respective times. After the fall of the Thakuri dynasty, a new dynasty was founded by Arideva or Ari Malla, popularly known as the 'Malla Dynasty'

 Malla Dynasty

 A Malla rule started with Ari Malla in the 12th century. Over the next two centuries, his kingdom  develop widely, into much of South Asia and western Tibet, before disintegrating into small principalities, which later became known as the Baise.Jayasthiti Malla, with whom commences the later Malla dynasty of the Kathmandu Valley, began to reign at the end of the 18th century. King Prithvi Narayan Shah unified Kathmandu at the day of Indra Jatra (festival). Malla Dynasty was the Longest ruling dynasty, ruling from the 12th century to the 18th century (about 600 years of ruling period). This era in the Valley is eminent for the various social and economic reforms such as the 'Sanskritization' of the Valley people, new methods of land measurement and allocation etc. In this Era, new Art and Architecture was introduced. The monuments in Kathmandu Valley which are listed by UNESCO these days were built during Malla rule. In the 14th century, before Kathmandu was divided into 3 princely states, Araniko went to China on the request of Abhaya Malla for representing the skill of art and architecture, and he introduced Pagoda Style of architecture to China and subsequently, whole Asia. Yaksha Malla, the grandson of Jayasthiti Malla, ruled the Kathmandu Valley until almost the end of the 15th century.

 Kingdom of Nepal

Gorkha rule

The old king's palace on a hill in Gorkha

After decades of rivalry between the medieval kingdoms, modern Nepal was reconvene in the latter half of the 18th century, whenPrithvi Narayan Shah, the ruler of the small principality of Gorkha, formed a unified country from a number of independent hill states.Prithvi Narayan Shah dedicated himself at an early age to the conquest of the Kathmandu Valley and the creation of a single state, which he achieved in 1768.The country was frequently called the Gorkha Kingdom. It is a  misapprehension that the Gorkhali took their name from the Gorkha region of Nepal; actually, the region was given its name after the Gorkhali had established their control of these areas.After Shah's death, the Shah dynasty began to expand their kingdom into much of South Asia. Between 1788 and 1791, during theSino-Nepalese War, Nepal invaded Tibet and robbed Tashilhunpo Monastery in Shigatse. Alarmed, the Qianlong Emperor of the Chinese Qing Dynasty appointed Fuk'anggan commander-in-chief of the Tibetan campaign; Fuk'anggan defeated the Gorkhali army and halted their northward expansion.

Rana rule

Jung Bahadur was the first ruler from this dynasty. Rana rulers were titled "Shri Teen" and "Maharaja", whereas Shah kings were "Shri Panch" and "Maharajdiraj". Both the Rana dynasty and Shah dynasty are Rajput caste in the Hindu tradition. Jung Bahadur codified laws and  renovate the state's bureaucracy. In the coup d'état of 1885 the nephews of Jung Bahadur and Ranodip Singh (the Shumshers J.B., S.J.B. or Satra (17) Family) murdered Ranodip Singh and the sons of Jung Bahadur, stole the name of Jung Bahadur and took control of Nepal.[10] [11]Nine Rana rulers took the hereditary office of Prime Minister. All were styled (self proclaimed) Maharaja of Lambjang and Kaski.

 Shah Dynasty, reunification of Nepal

Prithvi Narayan Shah (c. 1779–1775), with whom we move into the modern period of Nepal's history, was the ninth generation   progeny of Dravya Shah (1559–1570), the founder of the ruling house of Gorkha. Prithvi Narayan Shah succeeded his father King Nara Bhupal Shah to the throne of Gorkha in 1743 CE. King Prithvi Narayan Shah was quite aware of the political situation of the Valley kingdoms as well as of the Baise and Chaubise principalities. He foresaw the need for reunifying the small principalities as an urgent situation  for survival in the future and set himself to the task accordingly.

 Nepalese Civil War

In February 1996, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) started a bid to replace the parliamentary monarchy with a people's new  autonomous  government , through a Maoist revolutionary strategy known as the people's war, which led to the Nepalese Civil War. Led by Dr. Baburam Bhattarai and Pushpa Kamal Dahal (also known as "Prachanda"), the insurgency began in five districts in Nepal: Rolpa, Rukum, Jajarkot, Gorkha, and Sindhuli. The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) established a provisional "people's government" at the district level in several locations.On June 1, 2001, Prince Dipendra went on a shooting-spree, assassinating 9 members of the royal family, in addition to King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya, before shooting himself. Due to his survival he  impermanently became king before dying of his wounds, after which Prince Gyanendra (Birendra's brother  rooted  the throne, according to tradition. Meanwhile, the rebellion heighten and in October 2002 the king temporarily  demote  the government and took complete control of it. A week later he reappointed another government, but the country was still very  changeable. In the face of unstable governments and a siege on the Kathmandu Valley in August 2004, popular support for the monarchy started  to wane. On February 1, 2005, Gyanendra dismissed the entire government and assumed full executive powers, declaring a "state of emergency" to quash the  destruction .Politicians were placed under house arrest, phone and internet lines were cut, and freedom of the press was  acutely curtailed.

When to travel  in Nepal for trekking season, or best trekking in Nepal ?

About trekking in Nepal is possible at any time of year its depending on where would you trek or where you are going to trek. The most popular trekking  and peak climbing season are Autumn Sep-nov. and Spring season  Mar- May.but also its depending on trekkers choice , some tourist like busy season and some tourist like less crowd not busy season. Trekking in Nepal is from mid of Oct. to mid of November. it’s a really busy season with popular trekking trails. Like Everest base camp trek, Annapurna base camp trek, Annapurna circuit trek, and ghorepani poon hill trek theses treks are busy but at this time also there is less crowd treks we exguides treks found new trekking trails  jiri pikey tea house trek ( only 10 days ) is recommended for you. if you desire to trek less crowd and best view point of Himalayas jiri pikey is not hard trek its only 4065 is highest point of trekking. From Pikey peak you can see breathtaking view of  mount Everest , mount Lhotse , mount Makalu,  mount kachenjunga , mera peak , Thamseku peak, Nuptse peak , Gaurishanker , and all Annapurna Himalayas ranges, there is no others better than jiri pikey view point.

 Want to trekking in Nepal , autumn season ?

Here is our expert advice for you  : at this season  from sep – nov are really busy season specially from mid of Oct-Mid of Nov and then crowd and busy season will come down, most of popular trekking trails will busy and mostly tea house are fully booked and some time hard book tea room also, like Annapurna base camp trek or some people call Annapurna santuray too. This Annpurna base camp trek , in Autumn busy season really hard to get tea house room there limited tea houses that’s why. But begaining of sep to mid of Oct and from mid of Nov to end of dec, are not busy season if you are looking forward to do less crowd at this option for you.

 Want to trekking in Nepal , winter season  ?

From dec to feb this is noted for occasional snowfall only at higher altitude. Mountains or trekking passes may be snowbound , hence it is ideal for trekking at lower altitude , like below 3000 meter. But if you really looking forward to do trekking in Nepal at this winter season, Passes trekking would be challenging and hard and really cold, also still winter season also tea house would be open at Everest base camp trek , Annapurna circuit trek, langtang trek, Annapurna base camp trek and ghorepani trek, are open for tea house treks even some trekkers they do winter season adventure trekking in Nepal too. You can only holidays at time please , let us know we will suggest you best trekking and timing.

 Want to trekking in Nepal , Spring season ?

This season is different varieties of wild colourful flowers trekking season in Nepal, specially the rhododendrons. it is mildly warm at lower elevations and at higher altitude over 4,000 meter the mountain views are really beautiful. This is the season for mount Everest expeditions also, where you can see lots of tents at Everest base camp during spring season if you Everest base camp trek. Even many trekking reason , like Annapurna region Everest region and lower Everest region if you go any trek at this time you will encounter with colourfull wild flowers. We recommended you jiri pikey trek at this time also. This is the right time for peak climbing Nepal , (mera peak , island peak, lowbuche peak and pisang peak etc)

 Want to trekking in Nepal , summer season ?

This season is really wet and warm making travel in nepal. during at this season , if you wish you make holidays trekking in Nepal still possible , you can trek  in the rain shadow (place are out of reach of the raining clouds because of the high Himalayas. Region like Upper Mustang trek and dolpo region trekking.

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